SERBIAN CENTER FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY

OFFERS SOLUTION HOW TO ACHIEVE SAVINGS THROUGH SPECIFIC PROJECTS THROUGH!

ACTUAL TOPICS - BIOMASS

Biomass is one of the most important renewable energy sources used today. Biomass can be obtained in different ways and usually occurs from the biodegradable parts of the wood industry by-products, waste and residues of plant mass as well as the "surplus" from agricultural production. Engines for combustion of biomass produce heat and that heat can be used to produe electicity. Biomass is the most important fuel after coal, oil and natural gas, and it can be converted into a liquid state by using different methods.

There are many sources of biomass, remains in farming (straw, leaves, parts of fruit trees) and forest debris (unused wood, logging residues and stumps, semi-wild trees) are commonly used, as well as industrial and municipal waste.

Municipal waste can contain toxic materials such as chemically treated wood, batteries that contain mercury and other hazardous substances, but among them there and waste such as paper and plant residues which can be used as a source of biomass.

Serbia has a very large potential in the utilization of biomass as an energy-efficient sources of energy, but the current status of renewable energy is very bad. Statistics shows that the total energy potential of biomass in Serbia is approximately 2.7 million tons (tons of equivalent oil), which is greater than the total oil consumption in agricultural production in Serbia. Of these, about 1.7 million ten lies in the remains of agricultural production and about 1 million ten in wood biomass.

In the field of application of biomass for combined heat and electricity production, Serbia has significant capabilities, which include the use of briquettes and pellets. The use of wood pellets and briquettes in the last few years is very popular in countries with large wood processing and nowadays production and use of pellets and briquettes of harvest residue is increasingly growing.

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